Exposing Computer Generated Images by Using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks

Methodology Pipeline


The recent computer graphics developments have upraised the quality of the generated digital content, astonishing the most skeptical viewer. Games and movies have taken advantage of this fact but, at the same time, these advances have brought serious negative impacts like the ones yielded by fake images produced with malicious intents. Digital artists can compose artificial images capable of deceiving the great majority of people, turning this into a very dangerous weapon in a timespan currently know as “Fake News/Post-Truth” Era. In this work, we propose a new approach for dealing with the problem of detecting computer generated images, through the application of deep convolutional networks and transfer learning techniques. We start from Residual Networks and develop different models adapted to the binary problem of identifying if an image was, or not, computer generated. Differently from the current state-of-the-art approaches, we do not rely on hand-crafted features, but provide to the model the raw pixel information, achieving the same 0.97 performance of state-of-the-art methods with three main advantages: (i) executes considerably faster than state-of-the-art methods with equivalent accuracy; (ii) eliminates the laborious and manual step of specialized features extraction and selection, and (iii) is very robust against image processing operations as noise addition, blur and JPEG compression.

Signal Processing: Image Communication - Elsevier
Antônio Theóphilo
Antônio Theóphilo
Ph.D. Student

I am a Ph.D. student at the Institute of Computing/University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in the fields of Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing. My research interests include Artificial Intelligence, Natural Language Processing, and Information Security.